state with most snakes in nigeria

Categories: Uncategorized | Posted on Dec 9, 2020

Jameson’s mamba is a common and widespread snake in West Africa. Leisewitz AL, Blaylock RS, Kettner F, Goodhead A, Goddard A, Schoeman JP. eCollection 2019 Aug. Toxins (Basel). Not much is known about the history of this people. Required fields are marked *. These large pythons are found throughout Africa, America, and Asia. moreover, these free classifieds ads will pleasantly surprise you with a pricing policy. Your email address will not be published. The incidence of bites has been reported as 497 per 100,000 population per year with a 12 percent natural mortality, with Echis ocellatus accounting for at least 66 percent in certain foci. Most snake Nigeria's Contemporary Information Website. The Gaboon vipers (Bitis Gabonica) are one of the most dangerous snakes in Nigeria. Buy and sell easily on the most convenient shopping spot. It is often found around buildings, parks, farmlands, and plantations.  |  Horned adders are believed to have been smuggled into the county and have been branded an invasive species. Snakebite in children in Nigeria: A comparison of the first aid treatment measures with the world health organization's guidelines for management of snakebite in Africa. Here are the most lucrative businesses in Nigeria: 1. That notwithstanding, the African Rock Python is worshiped/respected in some part of Nigeria, Kenya, and other Sub Saharan Africa Countries, while others see them like wild game and a good source of protein. It is owned by Nigeria's Chief of Army Staff, Lieutenant General Tukur Yusuf Buratai and located in Nasarawa State. In the laboratory, haematological and other features are noted and immunodiagnosis has a role in species identification. Bauchi rank 8th most poorest state in Nigeria- says Gov. Although the mortality rate for untreated snake bites is unchecked, there have been documented to take between 1 -10 hours due to respiratory failure. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! The Boomslang is native to sub-Saharan Africa and is known as one of the most venomous snakes on the continent. J S Afr Vet Assoc. The burden associated with it, is on the increase in the north-ern part of Nigeria4 because the region has the highest number of snakes; more than all other regions of the country put together. It also has the biggest infrastructural development in Africa and it is the economic capital of Africa. Cardiotoxicity and renal failure may occassionally occur following bites by the carpet viper and the puff adder. The Black-Necked spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis) is a highly venomous snake responsible for many human fatalities resulted from snakebite every year in its range from Nigeria to Namibia. This species of vipers are also found in arid regions of southwest Africa with include Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Mali, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Snake as a group is one of the most hated by man, the manager of all resources. This species is the most venomous of all the snakes roaming the region’s savannah. Repeated efforts made to speak to the Bauchi State Commissioner for Health, Sani Malami, were unsuccessful. 2013;7(1):e2009. Some snakes have been notorious and have earned themselves a bad reputation such as the Black Mamba and others that are harmless like the Spotted Bush Snake (Philothamnus semi variegates). Jameson’s mambas are excellent tree climbers and swimmers. Echis Ocellatus has haemotoxic venom which causes internal bleeding and destroys the circulatory system add death occurs in days. They are found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, these snakes can blend into any environment as their color patterns vary depending on where they live. Necrosis, haemorrhage and complement depletion following bites by the spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis). 2019 Feb 14;11(2):116. doi: 10.3390/toxins11020116. Each fang can grow up to up to 2 inches long, the length of your pinkie finger. The Gaboon viper is responsible for over 200 snakebites related to death in Nigeria each year. Never apply these rules as a catch-all. This snake is an invasive species that was smuggled into the country by foreign herbalist and is one of the most dangerous snakes in Nigeria. Python has been sited all over Nigeria from Lagos, Abuja, Ondo, Benin, Port Harcourt, Anambra, and Benue states. The Egyptian cobra is known for its deadly neurotoxin venom and large hollow fangs that cause death due to respiratory failure once bitten. 2020 Aug 20;14(8):e0008579. Nigeria boasts of diverse landscapes, open fields, rural, sub rural and urban environs, and climatic conditions, from deserts to rainforest, coastal plains, mangroves, and vast savannah. Not everyone is a big fan of snakes. Snakes There are more types of venomous snakes in the US than spiders, and it's a little harder to do venomous vs non-venomous snake identification. It can grow up to 7 feet and hunts at night. The kula people speak a language called kalabari. Epub 2013 Jan 31. first two families, are the most important snakes associated with envenoming in Nigeria. The Python sebae also called African Rock Python is a very large non-venomous snake native to Nigeria and found across the African continent. Of the 24 snake species reported Of the 24 snake species reported in the study, the African Rock Python was the most encountered. . Puff adders stretch 1-2 meters in length and have a distinctive face and nose. This Carpet Viper stands as the most dangerous snake in Nigeria. As long as this trend continues, this business will continue to dominate. The Gaboon vipers possess the longest fangs in the serpent world. Immobilisation of the bitten limb is probably the single most important first aid measure. There have also been frequent sightings in Lagos, Ondo, Benin, and the eastern parts of Nigeria. Snakes are part of the most feared reptiles. Quickteller – Payment, Customer Care, USSD, PayPoint, DSTV, 10 Ways To Make Money Playing Video Games, 10 Online Passive Income Ideas For Novice, Shoprite Nigeria Stores, Contact, Item Price, 9Mobile Night & Weekend Plan – 1GB For ₦200, 10 Best Places To Sell Gift Cards In 2020, How To Get Your Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) in Nigeria, Jumia Black Friday Deals 2020 [50 Best-Rated Products], Symply Tacha Net Worth, Biography, Contact, Relationship, Latest JAMB CBT Software With POST-UTME Past Questions, GtBank – Mobile Banking, Transfer Codes, Customer Care, Loan, 10 Cheapest Cars In Nigeria And Their Price [2020], 5 Stress-Free Exercises for Pregnant Women, Domino’s Pizza Flavours, Stores, Prize, Promos. The West African Carpet Viper also known as the Ocellated carpet viper (Echis Ocellatus) is a venomous serpent, endemic to the countries of West Africa is responsible highest number of snakebite-related fatalities in Africa. The Boomslang lives in holes located in fences, on the floor, and trees top where it hunts for lizards, rats, poultry, and other small birds. The 25 species recorded for the relatively small forest enclosure (Osun grove) presented a rich snake community similar to the records of Butler and Reid (1986) on the snakes from Cross River State, Nigeria. Gaboon Vibers are frequently sited in Anambra, Abia, Enugu, and Benue State. Nigeria is not left out from the list of countries infested with poisonous snakes. 2004 Mar;75(1):7-13. doi: 10.4102/jsava.v75i1.441. In this article, I’ll be revealing the top 10 most dangerous snakes in Nigeria.. You’ll also get to see the most dangerous snakes in West Africa, the most dangerous snakes in Africa, and the snake death toll on humans.. Jameson’s mamba is one of the most dangerous snakes in Africa. Mohammad Guardian Nigeria Read more. Austine Tsenzughul in Bauchi State visited Duguri, a community threatened by flood and invasion by snakes. It happened last Friday (March 7th, 2014) around 1:00am in the morning during the expansion of RCC (Reynolds […] The simple truth is that Nigeria and to a large extend, the world, still depends on oil and gas. This snake is popular in the eastern part of Nigerian, also found across East and West Africa where its camouflage ability makes it also invincible and attacks farmers who step too close. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable.  |  Venomous snakes are among the most serious health hazards for rural people in tropical regions of the world. The Gaboon vipers (Bitis Gabonica) are one of the most dangerous snakes in Nigeria. Like all pythons, the African Rock python kills its prey by constriction and swallowing them whole. This snake has exceptionally large eyes and measures between 5 to 6 feet. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008579. This snake accounts for 69% of snake bite-related death in Nigeria, causing over 1,450 deaths nationwide. The carpet viper is found in the Northern parts of Nigeria where it attacks farmers who come to harvest crops. As only 8.5 percent of snake bite victims attend hospitals in Nigeria, health education should be the main preventive measure, mean-while, the study of immunisation of occupationally predisposed individuals in endemic areas should be intensified. Here are some things you might not know about snakes: Reproduce without sex There is a specie of snake called the boa constrictors, these species can reproduce without mating. Epidemiology, ecology and human perceptions of snakebites in a savanna community of northern Ghana. The Most Dangerous Snakes In The World With Pictures. London, August 16, 2018 (AltAfrica)-Authorities of the Snakebite Treatment and Research Centre, Kaltungo in Gombe state, have revealed that over 400 snakes of different varieties are being exported from the centre to Liverpool in England every month. Native Reptiles Of Nigeria Carpet Viper (Echis ocellatus) The Carpet viper is an indigenous snake species in West Africa. 2016 Jun 8;105(12):679-85; quiz 684-5. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a002388. The Jameson’s mamba is found in deforested areas, rainforests, woodland, forest-savanna, and rural communities close to forests throughout Central, West, and East Africa. Unlike other venomous snakes that are small in sizes, Jameson’s mamba can grow up to 7 feet and are very very fast when attacking and chasing prey. Some prefer to kill them, eat them and a handful of Nigerians keep snakes for a pet but whichever way you prefer to these snakes these are by far the most dangerous snakes found in Nigeria. Its venom is haemotoxic and disturbs the body’s natural blood-clotting mechanism causing uncontrollable external and internal bleeding if not treated immediately. Only 15% of the 3000 snake species found worldwide are considered dangerous to human (Gold et al., 2002; Kasturiratne et al., 2008). Most lucrative business ideas in Nigeria. 5,6 Antivenom The Egyptian cobra (Naja haje) is one of the largest species of venomous snakes in the world, with lengths of around 6-8 feet. In Nigeria, it is popular in the Eastern parts of the nation where some know it as the sleeping tree snake. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. In this article, I’ll be revealing the top 10 most dangerous snakes in Nigeria. According to an article published on NCBI (Snake Bite in Nigeria), only 8.5 percent of snakebite victims in Nigeria seek medical attention in a hospital. [Bites of venomous snakes in Switzerland]. The most common symptoms of venomous snake bites include dizziness, fever, thirst, tissue death, blurred vision, and increased salivation. A new Fab fragment antivenom specific to Nigerian Echis ocellatus was investigated clinically, just as the local herbs-Aristolochia spp, Guiera spp and Schummaniophyton spp are investigated experimentally. The snakes have killed over 200 of our people since her team left us." The Bites Arietans commonly known as the Puff Adder is known to be one of Africa’s deadliest snake and among the most venomous snakes in the world. Bauchi records 19 deaths of Lassa fever, 10 of yellow fever - NIGERIAN TRIBUNE. The horned adder (Bitis Caudalis) is a small venomous viper species that have also been spotted in Nigeria. When threatened, Egyptian cobras will assume an upright posture and spread their characteristic cobra hood as a warning before striking and live close to human settlement where they hunt for their favorite meal, rats. Carpet viper venom contains a prothrombin activating procoagulant, haemorrhagin and cytolytic fractions which cause haemorrhage, incoagulable blood, shock and local reactions/ necrosis. This region is still continues with the rain forest belt of Nigeria … Praxis (Bern 1994). The Mali cobra (Naja Katiensis) also called the Katian spitting cobra, is a species of spitting cobra found in West Africa. An analysis of preclinical efficacy testing of antivenoms for sub-Saharan Africa: Inadequate independent scrutiny and poor-quality reporting are barriers to improving snakebite treatment and management. All we know is that all of them are offered for sale in Nigeria, and all can be found on Here you now have the top 10 most venomous snakes in the world.Happy reading. Echis ocellatus accounts for 66 percent of the bites (Habib et al., 2003). Although it very rarely kills humans, this snake is usually feared because of its enormous body and strength. “According to Kolo Mustapha, one of the arrested insurgents, “most of us are fleeing because there are too many snakes and bees now in the forest. Plant-based repellents have been used for generations as protective measures against snakes within homestead and other environments. Antivenom should be used cautiously when indicated. This snake is closely related to the Black-Necked spitting cobra (Naja Nigricollis). The West African carpet viper is a very small snake approximately 20 inches in length. In this post, we shall look at the most venomous snakes in the world. This olive-brown colored snake displays its dark-colored hood when it feels threatened usually spits when provoked. NIH March 14, 2014 – Picture: Giant Snake 56 Ft Killed In Edo State Nigeria Cave According to source in Edo state, an excavator operator at RCC Quarry in Ohsu town discovered this huge 56 foot snake. This snake comes in a variety of colors from brown to black and sometimes copper-red. These diverse habitats hold some of Nigeria’s wide array of flora and fauna, including snakes. Warrell DA, Greenwood BM, Davidson NM, Ormerod LD, Prentice CR. Dispholidus Typus famously known as the Boomslang, Green Snake in Green Grass in Nigeria, and tree snake in Afrikaans also stand as one of the most dangerous snakes in Nigeria. Carpet Vipers are typically yellowish-brown in color with dark spots along the side of their bodies. The study reviewed utilization and threats to snakes in Nigeria. You’ll always find this snake camouflaged among logs. were from the southern part of Nigeria with the highest number of postings from Lagos State (n =34). Calculate how long it will take a snake to swallow 36,000,000 Naira. The second type of snakes is the coral snake – and interestingly, the Texas coral snake is the sole member of the elapids group that is located in the Lone Star State. This is because bites from some snakes can cause instant death. Ainsworth S, Menzies SK, Casewell NR, Harrison RA. Either you live in a country where there are poisonous snakes, or you are planning to visit one of them, you will find very useful and important facts as well as data about the 6 countries with the most snake bites in the world.While the whole world is observing the coronavirus pandemic with increasing concerns, there is a dark shadow of a new and worrying pandemic above our heads. Nigeria is reported to have one-fifth of all West African region snake bite cases, with 174 cases in every 100,000 hospital admissions. The most distinctive features of the Gaboon Viper are the horns slightly above its nose, leaf shape head, a fat short body that is between 4 to 6 feet, triangular scale patterns, and of course long fangs. By-election: APC wins Dass state constituency in Bauchi - Premium Times ... Bauchi residents lament experience with snakes TheCable Read more. Don’t let your fear of snakes stop you from exploring Africa’s breathtaking scenery and checking out some of the most beautiful places in Nigeria. Nigeria: Snakes in Plateau Farms ... deaths were said to have been recorded as a result of apparent snake invasion of Mikang local government council in the state. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. The spitting cobra bite manifests with local tissue reaction and occassionally with bleeding from the site of bite, but no classic neurotoxic feature has been observed except following Egyptian cobra (N. haje) bites. Hansson E, Sasa M, Mattisson K, Robles A, Gutiérrez JM. Four families of venomous snakes are found in Nigeria--Viperidae, Elapidae, Colubridae and Actraspididae but three species carpet viper (Echis ocellatus), black-necked spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis) and puff adder (Bitis arietans), belonging to the first two families, are the most important snakes associated with envenoming in Nigeria. So have a good read about this culture and tribes in rivers state making it one of the most colorful tribes in Nigeria. Talc deposits in Nigeria … Popular in Benue State, it is known for attacking children and farmers who wander too close. Snake farming is already to an extent, popular in Nigeria as you can visit places like Tukur and Tukur snake farm to view what it's like. Dr Abubakar Ballah, Officer in charge of the centre, who made the disclosure to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Kaltungo on Thursday, … Snakes have been a major pest posing a potential threat to human life from time immemorial. Depending on the size of the snake, it would have no problem in eating a fully grown man. The Mali cobra is found in tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and scrublands from Northern Ghana, to Cameroon, with recorded sightings in Nigeria, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Togo, Southwestern Niger, and Senegal. NLM Populations of lizards, snakes, and geckos roam various states in the country. He noted that Nigeria was blessed with varieties of snakes spread all over the country, as exemplified by what obtains in Kaltungo town of Gombe state. They are usually sited in the Northern parts of the country in vegetated deserts and farms. Snake bites in Zimbabwe: a clinical study with emphasis on the need for antivenom. Now, in a new study, researchers at the Delta State University profiled 11 plants that five communities… eCollection 2020 Aug. Musah Y, Ameade EPK, Attuquayefio DK, Holbech LH. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Four families of venomous snakes are found in Nigeria--Viperidae, Elapidae, Colubridae and Actraspididae but three species carpet viper (Echis ocellatus), black-necked spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis) and puff adder (Bitis arietans), belonging to the first two families, are the most important snakes associated with envenoming in Nigeria. Indonesia also has some snake reservoirs, in fact they have the highest and export them to other countries of the world. The horned adder is known for its scaly eyelashes and venomous kiss. Oil and Gas business. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002009. Gaboon Vipers are popular in Anambra states and usually have frequent encounters with farmers. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Kula people are found in Akuku Toru local government área of Rivers state. Puff adders use its exceptional camouflage ability for protection and remain still instead of fleeing from predators and danger. Warrell DA, Davidson NMcD, Greenwood BM, Ormerod LD, Pope HM, Watkins BJ, Prentice CR. It is found in North Africa above the Sahara, and in some parts of West and East Africa. According to a study made by Federal University Kashere, Gombe State, snake bites are common during hot season when most of them are out of their burrows due to excessive heat. This snake is responsible for over 1,200 deaths in the African plain. Kula Tribe. Re: Top 10 Most Venomous Snakes!!! The African Rock Python is one of the 6 largest snake species (Green Anaconda, Reticulated Python, Burmese Python, Indian Python, And Amethystine Python) which are all found in mangrove and rainforest across the world. The males are usually green with black scales and females are brown. Your email address will not be published. This is a common species of snake in Nigeria but is usually found in populated rural communities. Because of this, people are bitten after accidentally stepping on them. You’ll also get to see the most dangerous snakes in West Africa, the most dangerous snakes in Africa, and the snake death toll on humans. Nigeria is not left out from the list of countries infested with poisonous snakes. Nduagubam OC, Chime OH, Ndu IK, Bisi-Onyemaechi A, Eke CB, Amadi OF, Igbokwe OO. The carpet viper usually forms coils and rubs itself together to create a loud sizzling sound to alerts predators of its presence. This snake is popular in the eastern part of Nigerian, also found across East and West Africa where its camouflage ability makes it also invincible and attacks farmers who step too close. 2019 Aug 1;13(8):e0007221. These are some of the most dangerous snakes species found in Nigeria and the African continent. Talc is a mineral resource in Nigeria, it is found in some states in Nigeria like the Osun state, Kogi state, Oyo state, Niger state, and so many others.  |  The Federal Republic of Nigeria popularly referred to as the “Giant of Africa” stands as the most populous country on the African continent. The Gaboon Viper lies still on the forest floor where its brown skin blends with dry grass. At least 36,000 people have been killed and 2 million displaced since Boko Haram launched its jihadi insurgency in northeast Nigeria in 2009. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. this is one of the most popular snakes in Nigeria. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007221. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. International Passports In Nigeria – Cost, Types, Application. by technophile ( m ): 3:25pm On Aug 21 , 2014 9ce one OP, now I will not be able to take the bushy shortcut that leads to my house for sometime due … Puff Adders hold the highest human fatalities from snakebite in Africa. Ann Afr Med. 11. These spots are designed to confuse potential predators. 5080, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria There are over 250 species of snakes found in Nigeria. Poisoning by bites of the saw-scaled or carpet viper (Echis carinatus) in Nigeria. The diagnosis and management of snakebite in dogs--a southern African perspective. Distinctive Distribution of Secretory Phospholipases A₂ in the Venoms of Afro-Asian Cobras (Subgenus: Using geographical information systems to identify populations in need of improved accessibility to antivenom treatment for snakebite envenoming in Costa Rica. Get the latest public health information from CDC:, Get the latest research information from NIH:, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: The Bible says that God made man and serpent enemies. This section begins with an important disclaimer: While the two rules below are a good starting point for identifying a snake, there are many exceptions to both. If the Bank notes are either in 100, 200 or 500 denomination and tabulate the chances of the snakes survival using the APC formula. HHS 2020 Jul-Sep;19(3):182-187. doi: 10.4103/aam.aam_38_19. In 2016, the group split into two groups — the main faction led by Abubakar Shekau and the IS-affiliated Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP). snakes in Nigeria (1994 up to now, with at least 100 days in the eld on each year), we have encountered Goldie s tree cobras ( Pseudohaje goldii ) on several occasions, and obtained data 1 - Department of Applied and Environmental Biology, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, P.M.B. The most deadly snakes in the world are thought to be native to Africa and Asia but you can find snakes of different species in all continents of the world. Bites occur more often while victims were farming, herding or walking although the spitting cobra may bite victims who roll upon it in their sleep. It is found in rural areas and contraction sites all around Nigeria.

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