what are the challenges of federalism in nepal?

Categories: Uncategorized | Posted on Dec 9, 2020

The Challenge For Federalism. All in all, there is a dominant conversation around administrative, political, and fiscal federalism, but very limited interactions around the social, behavioural, and civic participation aspects of federalism. Finally, adequate provisions to create a wider civic space where citizens, institutions, opposition parties, and others can express their concerns through nonviolent approaches should be taken. It would be a great challenge to every federal units to substitute unitary political culture by a federal culture. Other resource mobilization issues such as the proportional distribution of resources, increasing the fiscal management and decision-making power of the local and provincial governments, diminishing the risk of corruption, and investing in structural public policy changes are also quite prominent. Persuasive essay college tuition of in federalism essay Challenges nepal the tragedy of romeo and juliet final argument essay: my mother essay writing in marathi. Accordingly, Nepal is undergoing the process of restructuring through federal recasting and redesigning of the state. Additionally, monitoring mechanisms within and beyond governments to provide regular feedback regarding the function and effectiveness of the new federal structure are crucial to successfully implement the new governance structure. The third group, which includes the majority of citizens and a large segment of cadres from all political parties not being represented in local, provincial, and federal bodies have internalized federalism, but are not happy with how it is functioning. Federalism has been seen as the answer to solving regional inequality and reducing the economic, social and religious discrimination; the country has transformed into a federal structure as a result. Background: It is assumed that the main aspect of the Constitution of Nepal promulgated on September 20, 2015 is the transfer of power from central/federal to the provincial and local government. In this regard, the communication of elected leaders with the people regarding their performance, reasons behind underperformance, and plans for the next few years is crucial. Division of power and authority between elected local leaders and government officials created other problematic issues in many local governments. It can be argued that the new federal structure is full of challenges. It is very unfortunate that the government and its leaders are going against federalism which they were committed to in the past. There is also a growing concern that civic space to express citizens’ grievances is shrinking gradually in the new federal structure. Fully autonomous federalism cannot be achieved unless strong trust between political elites and citizens is created. For this, a shift from distributive development to structural reform and balanced development with equal attention to social, economic, and infrastructure development is prerequisite. As per the current constitutional provisions, 35 political, fiscal, as well as administrative powers are given to the federal government, 21 to the provincial governments, and 22 to the local governments. Relationship anniversary essay. When it comes to economic challenges, the implementation of the new federal structure is considered to be costly, as Nepal is supposed to set up a new administrative as well as physical infrastructure. So far, provincial and local governments are heavily reliant on federal funding and they are yet to explore the locally viable economic development opportunities. April 2019 | EDP Wire | Prakash Bhattarai. Furthermore, mechanisms for the allocation and distribution of adequate financial and natural resources among provinces are yet to be built. While local governments were excited about the new system, they had no power to bring radical change. There are many challenges and opportunities in the federal system of governance in Nepal. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. the Interim Constitution in December 2007 declared Nepal a federal democratic republic placing federalism firmly on the agenda. Sixth, addressing the needs and concerns of socially deprived people should be another key focus of the new federal structure. Under the unitary system, the central government has the sole authority over the entire nation; its activities affect the entire nation without any exception. There are widespread believes that the new federal structure of Nepal is not functioning well, as many people doubt that leaders and bureaucrats are equipped with sufficient knowledge and an appropriate learning attitude regarding their roles and responsibilities in the new system. At the same time, mismanagement of the new federal structure could trigger multifaceted conflicts. Along with the powers, local and provincial governments have also received modest financial grants from the federal government, as well as the authority to collect taxes through different means. Minor Field Study Report Department of Peace and Conflict Research Uppsala University, Ethnic federalism in a dominant party state: The Ethiopian experience 1991-2000, Federalism A Characteristic Element of Swiss Forest Policy, View 3 excerpts, references background and methods, Report of Conference Organized by the Constitution Advisory Suppon Unit, UNDP. With the transition from a unitary structure to a federal structure, there are many opportunities as well as challenges that lies ahead to Nepal. While the challenges are many, the decentralisation of healthcare also has the potential to benefit all Nepalis. You are currently offline. Since Nepal had a unitary governance system for many years, leaders, citizens, and bureaucrats are accustomed with the culture and practice of the former system. Likewise, launching development projects without adequate planning and undermining the socio-economic viability and ecological aspects of projects are additional development challenges associated with the operation of the new federal structure. For instance, local governments have seen provincial governments as a threat to exercise the given constitutional powers. There are also some tensions between mayors and deputy mayors in the course of exercising power. Tensions between elected leaders at local governments and his/her party command regarding the mobilization of local governments’ resources has also been observed in some cases. Although Nepal has at least 50 ethnic groups and despite a long history of political dominance by just a few of them, ethnic problems had surfaced only rarely until then. This EDP Wire was written by Dr. Prakash Bhattarai, Director of the Centre for Social Change in Nepal and a former PRIF guest researcher by invitation of the EDP Network. For more information, you can contact Dr. Prakash Bhattarai directly via his email address: prakash.bhattarai@gmail.com, Sign up for the semi-annual EDP Interactions here ». Nevertheless, it is a good debate to have. Besides, there are several challenges too. Civil law family essay apple inc essay conclusion. Challenges of Federalism DR RAM SHARAN MAHAT Provincial demarcation The most difficult and tricky question about Nepal’s federalism remains the demarcation of provinces. “Nepal’s success with federalism will be measured by not only how well the Government manages the challenges associated with the transition to federalism but also by the quality of services provided to citizens,” stated Mr. Faris Hadad-Zervos, World Bank Country Manager for Nepal. 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